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Research interests:

My research interests are in feminist, postcolonial, cultural and political geographies. Much of my research has been undertaken in Africa, most recently in Tanzania.

Previous projects:

-Popular geographical imaginations and knowledges

-The role of public art in cities

-Gender and indigenous knowledges in Upper Egypt

Career history:

Present: Professor of Geography/Deputy Head of School (Geography)

I came to the University of Glasgow in January 1995 after finishing my PhD “Condensing the Cold War: Reader’s Digest and American Identity” at Syracuse University at the end of 1994.

Active research projects:

Subaltern Geopolitics

This research seeks to reconstruct an alternative vision of the current “war on terror” from the point of view of a continent which is usually rendered silent in various geopolitical visions, or little more than a “site of violence and disorder” and thus always offering the possibility of threat to security. During the Cold War, Africa was part of the “left over” territory of the Third World, whose future was yet to be significantly channelled down the developmental path of either the First or Second alternatives. Similarly in the period since the attacks on the US on September 11th 2001, Africa has been brought into geopolitical visions only in the language of “failed states” which might harbour dangerous forces.

This project is supported by an ESRC Mid Career Fellowship, Creating postcolonial subjectivity subaltern geopolitics, knowledge and citizenship in Tanzania (RES-070-27-0039).

The social ecology of bacterial zoonoses in northern Tanzania

Bacterial zoonoses are responsible for a large proportion of febrile illnesses in northern Tanzania, where neglected bacterial zoonotic pathogens, e.g. Leptospira, Coxiella and Brucella spp., account for 11 times more febrile hospital admissions than malaria. However, these infections are under-diagnosed and relatively little is known about transmission patterns among animal hosts, which host species are responsible for transmission to humans, or the key socio-economic and behavioural determinants of human disease risk in different agro-ecological settings. This study will integrate several disciplinary approaches, including socio-economic and behavioural studies, human febrile illness surveillance, and linked human-animal epidemiological studies.

I am a co-investigator on this project with Professor Sarah Cleaveland (PI), Professor Dan Haydon and Dr Jo Halliday of the Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, in collaboration with the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, the Tanzania National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Sokoine University of Agriculture, the Tanzanian Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), Duke University Medical Center. The project is supported by the BBSRC (BB/J010367/1) and the US National Institute of Health.

Recent publications:

Zhang, H. L., Mnzava, K. W., Mitchell, S. T., Melubo, M. L., Kibona, T. J., Cleaveland, S., Kazwala, R. R., Crump, J. A., Sharp, J. P., and Halliday, J. E.B. (2016) Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(3), e0004476. (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476)

Sharp, J. (2014) The violences of remembering. Area, 46(4), pp. 357-358. (doi:10.1111/area.12138_7)

Hertz, J. T., Munishi, O. M., Sharp, J. P., Reddy, E. A., and Crump, J. A. (2013) Comparing actual and perceived causes of fever among community members in a low malaria transmission setting in northern Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 18(11), pp. 1406-1415. (doi:10.1111/tmi.12191)

Sharp, J. P. (2013) Geopolitics at the margins? Reconsidering genealogies of critical geopolitics. Political Geography, 37, pp. 20-29. (doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2013.04.006)

Sharp, J. P. (2013) Reply: thinking through marginality. Political Geography, 37, pp. 36-37. (doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2013.04.007)