Research keywords: climate change, blue carbon, biogeochemistry, global change biology, ecosystem service provision, coralline algae, corals, multiple stressors, ocean acidification, palaeoclimate reconstruction
The oceans are a critical global resource which is changing. Change is both natural but also, in recent times, has become anthropogenically driven. My group’s research asks questions about how the oceans are altered by the synergy between natural and anthropogenic change while trying to better determine the actual extent of global change. Global biogeochemical cycles, biodiversity, energy cascades and climate control are all resources / services that oceans provide which my group’s research considers in two broad disciplines:
1) We investigate relationships between global change (e.g. climate variability, ocean acidification & multiple stressors) and calcifying marine ecosystems (e.g. corals and coralline algae) with particulary focus on the services they provide such as their role in carbon storage.
2) We develop climatic and ecological proxies for the Holocene.
Both research groupings are strongly interdisciplinary including may biological, geological and chemical techniques.
We counduct our research in temperate, tropical and polar areas using SCUBA as well as in the Marine Mesocosm Facility. The Marine Mesocosm Facility has 128 remotely monitored mesocosms for exploring the impacts of CO2-associated global change on marine biotic and geochemical systems. In particular, we can investigate the resopnses of marine systems to mulitple stressors (any combination of temperature, ocean acidification, hypoxia, light and salinity) and calibarate / validate palaeoenvironmental proxies.
Senior Lecturer (2014 to present). University of Glasgow.
Lecturer (2014 to 2014). University of Glasgow.
Royal Society of Edinburgh / Scottish Government Independent Research Fellow (2009-2014). University of Glasgow.
NERC Independent Postdoctoral Research Fellow (2006-2009). University of Glasgow.
Honorary Lecturer in Marine Biology (2005 to present). University of Glasgow.
Postdoctoral Research Scientist (2004-2006). University Marine Biological Station Millport.
Ph.D. Marine Biology (2001-2004). University of London.
Active research projects:
Fitzer, S., Chung, P., Maccherozzi, F., Dhesi, S. S., Kamenos, N. A., Phoenix, V. R., and Cusack, M. (2016) Biomineral shell formation under ocean acidification: a shift from order to chaos. Scientific Reports, 6, 21076. (doi:10.1038/srep21076) (PMID:26876022)
van der Heijden, L.H., and Kamenos, N.A. (2015) Reviews and syntheses: Calculating the global contribution of coralline algae to total carbon burial. Biogeosciences, 12(21), pp. 6429-6441. (doi:10.5194/bg-12-6429-2015)
Fitzer, S. C., Vittert, L., Bowman, A., Kamenos, N. A., Phoenix, V. R., and Cusack, M. (2015) Ocean acidification and temperature increase impacts mussel shell shape and thickness: problematic for protection? Ecology and Evolution, 5(21), pp. 4875-4884. (doi:10.1002/ece3.1756)
Burdett, H. L., Hatton, A. D., and Kamenos, N. A. (2015) Coralline algae are a globally significant pool of marine dimethylated sulphur. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(10), pp. 1845-1853. (doi:10.1002/2015GB005274)
Attard, K. M., Stahl, H., Kamenos, N. A., Turner, G., Burdett, H. L., and Glud, R. N. (2015) Benthic oxygen exchange in a live coralline algal bed and an adjacent sandy habitat: an eddy covariance study. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 535, pp. 99-115. (doi:10.3354/meps11413)