My interests lie in understanding how human behaviour and decision-making affect the outcomes of conservation interventions in complex social-ecological systems.
Understanding the effects of community-based conservation in East Africa
My research in this area explores the social and ecological effects of community-based conservation interventions in East Africa. In Tanzania, I contribute to the PIMA project (“Poverty and ecosystem Impacts of payment for wildlife conservation initiatives in Africa”) which seeks to understand the social and ecological impacts of Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). The project is a 3 year, international interdisciplinary collaboration involving University College London (UCL), theUniversity of Copenhagen, Imperial College London, the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and the Tanzania Natural Resources Forum. PIMA is funded by ESPA: the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation research programme, a joint undertaking of the UK government’s Department for International Development (DfID), the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
Rule-breaking, enforcement and sensitive behaviour in conservation
Systems of rules and agreements are a ubiquitous feature of conservation interventions, and conservation success is often heavily dependent on the degree to which compliance is achieved. Despite their importance, however, the effectiveness of rules and enforcement remain poorly understood and under-researched in conservation. My work in this area aims to understand how enforcement measures affect individual incentives, and the consequences for conservation.
Bushmeat in Madagascar
The hunting and consumption of bushmeat is increasingly being recognised as both an emerging threat to Madagascar’s wild animals and a crucial component of local people’s livelihoods (e.g. BBC News, New York Times). In collaboration with colleagues from Bangor University and the Malagasy NGO, Madagasikara Voakajy, this work focused on understanding the scale of harvesting of several commonly-hunted species that make important contributions to rural livelihoods. I have also studied the effectiveness of occupancy-based survey methods as an alternative to abundance-based methods for monitoring lemur species.
Present: Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Edinburgh
PhD, Imperial College, London
Active research projects:
Learning from observational data to improve protected area management
1/01/16 – 30/04/16
ESPA Directorate’s 2014-2015 Annual Report
24/11/14 – 30/06/15
Keane, A., Gurd, H., Kaelo, D., Said, M.Y., de Leeuw, J., Rowcliffe, J.M. and Homewood, K., 2016. Gender Differentiated Preferences for a Community-Based Conservation Initiative. PloS one, 11(3), p.e0152432.
John, F.A.S., Brockington, D., Bunnefeld, N., Duffy, R., Homewood, K., Jones, J.P., Keane, A.M., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Nuno, A. and Razafimanahaka, J.H., 2016. Research ethics: Assuring anonymity at the individual level may not be sufficient to protect research participants from harm. Biological Conservation, (196), pp.208-209.
Homewood, K., Bluwstein, J., Lund, J.F., Keane, A., Nielsen, M.R., Msuha, M., Olila, J. and Burgess, N., 2015. The economic and social viability of Tanzanian Wildlife Management Areas. Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen.
Keane, A.M., Nuno, A. and St John, F.A., 2015. Data collected using the randomised response technique must be analysed using specialised statistical methods. Biological Conservation, 187, pp.279-280.
Randriamamonjy, V.C., Keane, A., Razafimanahaka, H.J., Jenkins, R.K. and Jones, J.P., 2015. Consumption of bushmeat around a major mine, and matched communities, in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 186, pp.35-43.